Dalit Food Rejection by Upper Caste Hindus: Understanding the Legal Perspective

India, a country known for its rich cultural diversity and heritage, is also infamous for its deeply entrenched caste system. The Dalits, often referred to as the ‘untouchables’, have been at the receiving end of this system for centuries. One of the manifestations of this discrimination is the refusal of food prepared by Dalits by upper caste Hindus. This article aims to delve into the reasons behind this practice and understand the legal perspective on such an issue.

Understanding the Caste System and Food Rejection

The caste system in India is a hierarchical social order that has been in existence for over 2000 years. It divides Hindus into four main categories – Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and the Shudras. Dalits, who fall outside this system, have been subjected to social discrimination and exclusion. The refusal to accept food prepared by Dalits is a part of this exclusionary practice. It is rooted in the belief of ‘ritual purity and pollution’, where Dalits are considered ‘impure’ and their touch or even their shadow is believed to pollute.

India’s constitution, adopted in 1950, prohibits discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth. Article 15 specifically addresses this, stating that no citizen shall be subjected to any disability, liability, restriction or condition on any of these grounds. Furthermore, the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989, provides for specific offences of atrocities and penalties for violations.

Food Rejection as a Violation of Rights

Refusal to accept food prepared by Dalits can be seen as a violation of their fundamental rights. It infringes upon their right to equality and dignity, and can be considered a form of untouchability, which is explicitly prohibited by Article 17 of the Indian Constitution. It also goes against the spirit of the Prevention of Atrocities Act.

Challenges in Implementation

Despite the constitutional and legal provisions, the practice of food rejection continues. This is largely due to the deep-rooted social prejudices and lack of awareness. The implementation of laws also remains a challenge due to the fear of retaliation, lack of support from the police and judiciary, and the slow pace of legal proceedings.


While the law clearly prohibits any form of discrimination and untouchability, the practice of refusing food prepared by Dalits reflects the stark reality of caste-based discrimination in India. It underscores the need for a comprehensive approach that includes legal action, social awareness, and a change in societal attitudes to eradicate such practices.